Punakha has been inextricably linked with momentous occasions in Bhutanese history. It served as the capital of the country from 1637 to 1907 and the first national assembly was hosted here in 1953. It is the second oldest and second largest dzong in Bhutan and one of the most majestic structures in the country. Punakha valley has a pleasant climate with warm winters and hot summers. It is located at an average elevation of 1200 meters above sea level. Located 3 hours away from Thimphu (Current capital city of Bhutan),Punakha offers a different climate compared to the other Dzongkhang. Owing to its lower elevation, the winter and summer in Punakha are generally warmer. Punakha is the country’s district main producer of rice.